Lubricating Bearings At Jupia In Brazil


18 Jun

Your browser does not support inline frames or is currently configured not to display inline frames. EP 0 183 375 A2 describes a bearing, in particular for shock absorbers, whose sliding layer consists of PTFE with a fluoride of low water solubility to improve the cavitation resistance. Custom manufacturer of bearings and other parts, which are manufactured from self-lubricating composite materials. It is fully compacted, unlike oil-impregnated porous bronze materials that are weak by comparison. These simple sleeve type bearings are a cheap, quiet alternative to more expensive (and bulky, maintenance prone) linear bearings and also won't score unhardened shafts like ball bearings will. The invention also provides a disc record player including such a bearing for supporting the record player turntable shaft which is adapted to be driven in rotation by a drive motor. In the illustrated arrangement therefore, the lubricant is of such a viscosity that it can pass out of the clearance 5 between the porous member 1 and the shaft 2 into the bearing clearance 6 between the sliding surface of the member 3 and the shaft 2, as a result of capillary action. The raised structures thus may act as boundaries surrounding and retaining discrete pockets of self-lubricating material locally available for lubrication but unable to escape therefrom during bearing operation. Bearing pads are inert interfaces between disparate construction materials such as steel and concrete, and is able to resist weather related degradation. As a solid lubricant Among others, metal oxides and metal fluorides are mentioned, only lead or lead oxide being discussed as an example. As the bearing enters its operational life, microscopic quantities of the slippery liquid are dynamically transferred to the moving parts until that uniform oil membrane covers every moving surface. Copper-based powders are used to make self-lubricating bearings, the application of which in the PM industry dates back to the 1920s and still accounts for the major portion of PM copper and copper alloy applications. Self-lubricating, Drymet multi-layered bearings. These and other objects are achieved according to the invention by a self-lubricating plain bearing assembly comprising a body portion having therein a bore for receiving a portion of a shaft. The oil contained in the porosity provides a constant lubrication between bearing and shaft, so the system does not need any additional external lubricant. A clearance of 1.5-2.5 ‰ of the bearing's inner dimension is recommended for oil lubricated bearings. Deva.glide® is a self-lubricating bearing material that consists of a high-quality bearing bronze with pockets filled with solid lubricant and a thin film of solid lubricant over the bearing surface to aid the running-in process. Immerged or not, Thordon materials have proven their qualities for waterways applications: greasing removal, lifetime increasing, dimensional stability. LUBRON AQ bearings are most often press fit into their housings. Oil-impregnated, sintered bronze bearings rely on a capillary action to create a lubricating oil film. The bearing structure is characterized by a permanently magnetized retainer formed of a porous material and filled with an interstitial magnetic lubricant, whereby the pores serve as lubricant reservoirs from which the lubricant continuously is delivered to a film disposed between contiguous bearing surfaces. Bearing 10 is adapted to support a shaft 15 which is weighted to apply a load in the direction indicated by arrow 16. In response to this loading, the load bearing layer tends to creep or become displaced in the direction indicated by arrows 18 and 20 ("radial creep") as well as in the axial direction ("axial creep", not shown) wherein the shaft effectively "beds in" to bearing 10. Disadvantageously, this action generates a loss of center alignment of shaft 16 as shown at 22. Our bearings feature a low coefficient of friction, which means that structures and equipment operate as intended with no unanticipated stress. ISO 9001:2015 certified manufacturer of self-lubricating rod end bearings. This object is achieved with a self-lubricating layer material according to claim 1. The subject of the plain bearing is claim 13. Advantageous refinements are the subject of the dependent claims. All of these bearings are mostly used in areas where the use of lubricants is not possible or undesirable. Self-lubricating bearings are modern devices, which are created to cater to the growing need for energy efficiency and functionality of various equipment used in manufacturing processes. The global self-lubricating bearings market is expected to grow significantly during the forecast period, posting a CAGR of more than 9%. This growth is attributed to factors such as global economic growth, increased manufacturing and construction activities, rising energy demand, and income levels.


In general, suitable materials for forming the porous member 1 are loosely sintered balls of metal, plastic material, glass, ceramic or one or more other solid substances which are cemented together, welded together or sintered without pressure. Our bearings are capable of operating in wet or dry environments and extreme temperature conditions while carrying extremely heavy static and dynamic loads. Deva.metal® is a self-lubricating bearing material manufactured by advanced powder metallurgy. Briefly described, as shown in the drawings, the present invention comprises a self-lubricating bearing 110 fabricated as a laminate of a metallic backing, support or substrate 112, a series of raised structures 113 extending orthogonally therefrom, and a polymeric sliding, wear or load bearing layer 114 superposed thereover. Thus, raised structures 113 of the present invention, formed integrally with substrate 112 and embedded into load bearing layer 114 enable a relatively thick bearing layer 114 of low friction self-lubricating material to be utilized. Thus, advantageously, bearings 110 are provided with a relatively low coefficient of friction, long bearing life, resistance to creep and mechanical stresses, and are electrically and thermally conductive. Self-lubrication has several advantages over traditional lubricated bearings. In DE 41 05 657 AI only a metal fluoride-containing impregnation material is mentioned, which has 2% PbF 2 , but no metal oxide, which is not distinguished by improved cavitation resistance and wear resistance compared to the other exemplary embodiments not containing metal fluoride. This allows the bearing to provide their own lubrication during operation without requiring the application of grease or oil lubricant. Other important uses for copper and copper-base PM materials include friction materials, electrical parts, filters, additives to iron, aluminum powder alloying, catalysts, paints, and pigments. This product is an environmentally friendly Lead free compound bearing, a "perfect oil-less bearing" that does not require any lubricant at all uses polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) resin, has excellent low friction characteristics and also optimizes metal properties such as strength and dimensional stability. The AST650 series bushing material consists of strong cast bronze as a base material and is combined with solid lubricants. Various combinations of the materials already mentioned are used, plus bronze powder, metal oxides and sometimes carbon fibres. Maintenance-free sliding bearings comprising a metal support and a plastic layer are known. Igus® extensively tests its bearing materials and compiles that data into an online database called the iglide® Expert System to help you choose the best product. 6 L.Y. Yang, C.C. Li, S.R. Wang, Y.J. Wang, Z.M. Liu: Design of High Temperature Self-lubricating Bearing Vol. An improved bearing structure is described which includes a permanently magnetized porous body filled with an interstitial magnetic lubricant for extending the operational life of self-lubricating bearings. 26 C.C. Zhang, L. Wang, Z.W. Zhao: Study of New Al-based Bearing Materials Vol. METAFRAM® products offer a wide range of self-lubricating bearings in bronze and steel alloys. One significant reason for this slowing down of growth has been the miniaturization of many products such as CD and DVD players, memory sticks, computers, etc., requiring ever smaller PM bearings. 6. A bearing as set forth in claim 1 wherein said bearing clearance between the shaft and the bearing surface means is in a range of from about 0.021 to 0.039 mm. The roller bearings in the distributor mechanism of the units at Jupia are being replaced with self-lubricating bearing materials. Deva.glide® maintenance-free bearings, without the need for lubrication with oil or grease are recommended for large bearings. It is made of high quality low - carbon steel with bronze alloy of a particular formulation with high density with sintered bronze as it s interlayer, and inside with the compound of PTFE. Under the optimum conditions, this oil is drawn to the bearing surface creating a lubricated layer between the bearing and the shaft. In addition, the illustrated arrangement ensures that lubricant, for example oil, does not in normal operation escape from the bearing as the porous member 1 which performs the function of a lubricant store is arranged in the interior of the receiving bore 4, that is to say, it is screened or shielded from the exterior by the member 3. This means that the bearing does not require collecting means such as centrifuging rings and felt discs which are otherwise provided to collect any lubricant which may escape.


METAFRAM® is the well-known brand of sintered self-lubricating bearings from Sintertech. 12 J.B. Wang, J. Lu, Q.J. Xue: Study on Tri-blogical Properties of SiC-Ni-Co-Mo-PbO High Temperature Self-lubricating Cermet Materials Vol. The shaft surface is critical due to the fact a shaft that is too rough acts like a file and, during movement, separates small particles from the bearing surface. This maintenance, performed on at least one unit per year at Jupia, involves investing in special materials and techniques that enable CESP to eliminate equipment weak points and overcome faults, defects and operational restrictions. Liquid-impregnated bearings are soaked in oil (often ordinary machine oil), which may make up 30 per cent of the steel bearing manufacturer finished bearing's volume. An important distinction to make is that self-lubricating bearings are not bearings that come pre-applied with grease or oil lubricant - these bearings are instead referred to as prelubricated bearings. 3, load bearing layer 114 is laminated to structures 113 and intermediate layer 116, being bonded thereto by a layer of adhesive 120. 15. Plain bearing according to claim 13, characterized in that the sliding layer is applied to a metal back provided with a layer of porous sintered bronze. For additional information, including technical data, about our custom self-lubricating bearings, see the table below, or contact us directly. APAC leads the self-lubricating bearings market with nearly 50% market share. The member 1 serves as a deposit or store for a lubricant which is impregnated in the member 1. The remaining part of the bore 4, or at least a portion of said part, receives a sleeve-shaped plain bearing member 3 for rotatably supporting and guiding a rotary shaft 2 such as a disc record player turntable shaft. There are, of course, other self-lubricating bearings on the market. A plain bearing with such a sliding layer can be designed as an all-plastic bearing or with a metal back. This work indicated that some compounds that were good for room temperature wear would not be adequate for high-temperature applications. Alternatively, structures 113 provide a bearing 110, fabricated with a relatively thin load bearing layer 114, with a friction coefficient that remains relatively constant over its life. 16. Plain bearing according to claim 15, characterized in that the sintered bronze has a pore volume of 20 - 45%. Although none of the seven refurbished turbines have yet been disassembled for inspection, their performance is meeting expectations and CESP has not noticed any evidence of premature wear, such as oil leakage and increase of clearances in bearing assemblies of the Kaplan runner hub and in the guide vanes of the distributor mechanism. The bearings are also suitable for high temperatures. Bearing 110 of the present invention is preferably fabricated by providing a substrate 112 formed as a metallic sheet, with a cladding of bronze superimposed therewith to form an integral intermediate layer 116. Self-lubricating materials were installed in the bearings of the connection of regulating ring to linkages, bearings of the connection of linkages to guide vane levers, bearings of the regulating ring pulleys, servomotor rod bearings, and sliding segments of the regulating ring. With a temperature range of -40 to 210 degrees F, "NX" bearings are particularly effective in situations where lubrication cannot be frequently supplied. Bimet multi-layered bearings for grease lubrication. Combining the low friction of PTFE with the rigidity of high strength bronze alloys, LUBRON AQ bearings are capable of satisfying the most demanding requirements. Unlike regular bearings, self-lubricating bearings, or sintered bearings, are manufactured from metals with a high porosity of between 20 and 25% of their volume. A further objective of the present invention is to provide a manufacturing process for making self-lubricating bearings, wherein the bottom of the molding mold is connected with a bottom plate, the molding mold and the bottom plate are made of graphite, and the diameter of the spherical alloy particles ranges from 0.02 mm to 0.04 mm. As the bearing operates, the lubricant is released through pores in the sliding layer, lubricating the bearing surface. Said step of disposing a load bearing layer (c) further comprises the step of applying the load bearing layer to the substrate using heat and pressure. Iron Oilite® are 100% iron oil-retaining bearings which provide an ideal solution in high stress low revolution applications. Immersion in liquid nitrogen is generally permitted provided the temperature of the bearing does not fall below -112 º F (-80º C). LUBRON AQ bearings can also be retained in the housings with countersunk set screws, dowel pins, or keyways.


8. The method of claim 1, wherein said load bearing layer comprises a lubricious plastic material. The bearings come in any shape and size to facilitate installation and maintenance. The key feature of these bearings is the coating polyoxymethylene (POM) layer with its relative thickness of 0.3 mm with lubrication recesses for lubricating grease. This aspect tends to make the Norglide bearings undesirable for use in applications that rely on electrical continuity such as, for example, electrostatic painting in the automotive and other metal fabricating industries. A new type of high temperature self-lubricating Ti-Al alloy bearing materials is proposed. A kind of oil-less self-lubricating bearing comprises bearing main body, and the top of described bearing main body is provided with bearing housing, and the inside of bearing housing is provided with steel ball, is provided with one deck self-lubricating layer between the internal surface of steel ball and bearing housing. Preferred materials for these applications are those that, for example, have a coefficient of static friction (μ) similar to that of PTFE (approximately 0.04-0.10). Moreover, the bearing's coefficient of friction remains low and nominally constant over its life, even, surprisingly, once load bearing layer 114 is worn down to, and into, structures 113. Another further objective of the present invention is to provide a manufacturing process for making self-lubricating bearings, wherein two thirds of the melting temperature of the alloy's main constituent ranges from 750° C. to 850° C. Whether you are an OEM motion designer seeking to design a maintenance-friendly system or a maintenance engineer replacing a bearing that requires manual lubrication, the design and application factors you must consider are similar. There are many advantages to opting for self-lubricating sintered bearings over the other types available, and it is important to note these if you want to make the ideal bearing selection for your application. Available in both inch and metric sizes, LUBRON AQ bearings are supplied finished machined to meet the exacting requirements of each application. The multi-layer materials differ from the all-plastic materials, for example, by a negligible tendency to cold flow under load, by a much better thermal conductivity and associated by significantly higher possible pv values. Besides contaminating the grease with solid materials (sand), the presence of water can cause corrosion on the guide vane trunnion, affecting bearing performance and lifetime. Graphite plugged bronze: Graphite is a good solid lubricant that is normally added to a bronze type bearing. During using process, the solid lubricant and the bearing friction by the friction heat, to form the excellent condition of lubrication of oil and powder, thus not only protecting the bearing from wearing, but also leading the solid lubricating performance to be perpetual, the hardness is one times higher that that of general brass, the abrasion resistance also can be improve one times, thereby being more suitable for heavy duty low speed working condition, and having good wear resistance, corrosion resistance, anti-chemical performance and extremely low friction coefficient. Currently, this technology is only available with injection-molded, self-lubricating polymer bearings. As mentioned, the porous member 1 may be in the form of a sintered member whose starting material in a loose condition was sintered without additional pressure, in contrast to the sintered member of the above-discussed previously bearing member which was pressed and sintered using high pressure in a mold. Self-lubricating bearings are comprised of a variety of polymers that utilize internal lubrication or inherent polymer properties to enhance wear life without the need for grease. Steps were also taken to modify PTFE to make it easier to compound into other materials. Oilite bearings have a rich history dating back to the 1930's when they were developed by Chrysler. In low speed, high load applications, LUBRON AQ solid lubricants have a typical coefficient of friction between 0.02 to 0.10, depending on a variety of factors affecting performance. LUBRON AQ30 lubricants are machined flush with the bronze substrate surface. The self-lubricating bearing known from DE 35 16 649 AI has in the PTFE matrix thinly rolled sheet or scale-like particles which form streaks, which consist of a plurality of spaced-apart layers which are essentially parallel to the surface of the Extend sintered metal layer.


Standard Oilite bearings are impregnated with a highly refined mineral oil to ISO VG (SAE 30) having a high viscosity index and containing anti-oxidant, anti-rust and defoamant additives. The shaft-porous member clearance is preferably from 0.096 to 0.201 mm, while the bearing clearance may be 0.021 to 0.039 mm, with a porous member grain size of from 0.5 to 0.71 mm. 3. Bearing material according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the metal fluoride is CaF 2 , PbF 2 , MgF 2 or a fluorine compound of an element of the 2nd main group of the periodic table. To date, seven of the 14 units have been converted, and their performance is meeting expectations, with units running as long as 10 years without maintenance needed on the bearings. Sintered, self-lubricating slide bearings. Self-lubricating bearings commonly used in linear and profile rails are made of oil-impregnated plastic. For example, bearing 110 may be alternatively fabricated by forming substrate 112 into a desired configuration, such as, for example, a cylinder, prior to application of load bearing layer 114 thereon. Finally, there are graphite plugged bronze variants, bearings that rely on the flat micro structure of this commonly used form of carbon. Either for food process or for bulk products handling, Thordon Bearings offers zero pollution solutions saving money on the maintenance costs. Temperature is the most important factor in determining a bearings PV limit. The lubricant is uniformly dispersed throughout the sliding layer and thus there is no reduction in low friction bearing performance, even if the sliding layer becomes worn. The clearance between the shaft and the inside surface of the member is larger than the bearing clearance between the shaft and the bearing sleeve and lubricant is drawn by capillary action from the member into the clearance and then into the bearing clearance. The flanges may be lubricated for thrust load applications, or provided without lubrication when required to function only as a spacer. CESP decided to install self-lubricating materials in the Jupia turbines. Still another object of the invention is a self-lubricating bearing whose dimensional factors are adapted to assume satisfactory lubrication of the bearing surface even at slow shaft rotation. LUBRON AQ's bronze alloy and solid lubricant construction offers the optimum choice for toughness, rigidity, and low coefficient of friction, dry or immersed. 27 R.H. Zhu, X.P. Zhang, Z.P. Niu: The Preparation of Graphite-Al-based Self-lubricant Materials Vol. Raised structures 113 preferably are fabricated from bronze, fastened integrally to substrate 112 and embedded into load bearing layer 114. For relatively ordinary or light duty applications, acceptable materials include those that have a static coefficient of friction μ at least below that of steel on steel (0.58) and preferably similar to that of polyethylene (0.2). In heavier duty applications, such as for automotive or general industrial use, materials having relatively lower coefficients are preferred. 10. A self-lubricating plain bearing for a shaft, comprising a body having a bore therein for receiving an end portion of said shaft, a bearing sleeve means disposed within the bore for supporting the shaft and having a bearing clearance therefrom, and a porous, lubrication-impregnated member which is disposed in the bore at the end of said bearing sleeve means and which is closer towards said shaft end portion, the porous member having a clearance from said shaft which is greater than said bearing clearance, and the bore size of the porous member being larger than said clearance between the shaft and the porous member, whereby said clearance between said shaft and said porous member is adapted to draw lubricant from said porous member and said bearing clearance is adapted to draw lubricant from said clearance to cause lubricant to flow by capillary action to the co-operating bearing surfaces of said shaft and said bearing sleeve means. A 1990 patent49 described the production of low-MW PTFE by contacting high-MW PTFE with fluorine gas and claimed that this process afforded lower friction and higher seizing loads than low-MW PTFE produced by either direct polymerization or irradiation. Type of environment, bearing load, velocity, temperature, finish and hardness of the mating surface all influence coefficient of friction. After almost 90 years Oilite bearings are still the undisputed market leader in sintered self-lubricating bearings. 5. A bearing as set forth in claim 1 wherein said clearance between the shaft and the porous member is from about 0.096 to 0.201 mm.

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